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International DT466 Engine

International DT466 Engines For Sale

International DT466E Diesel EngineInternational’s DT466 is world-renowned for its durability, affordability, and simplicity. Development commenced in 1967 and when the DT466 debuted in the early 1970s it was the largest inline-six in the 300/400 series of engines, a family that consisted of 312 cubic inches, 360 ci, 414 ci, 436 ci, and 466 ci I-6 power plants. The goal for the 400 series engines, in particular, was to replace the aged yet highly venerable DT407, which International planned to phase out of production. In virtually every application it was placed in service in, the 407 ci I-6 predecessor had proven near-bulletproof, typically guaranteeing its owner 10,000 loyal operating hours before requiring an overhaul. Needless to say, the 414 ci, 436 ci, and 466 ci power plants had a lot to live up to. Thanks to its simple yet robust construction leading to exceptional durability, half a century later it’s safe to say the DT466 delivered on this promise.

Engine Makeup And Design

DT466 Wet Sleeve Diesel EngineWhile the DT466 underwent various changes and updates over the years, foundationally much remained the same. A deep-skirt gray-iron block with thick bulkhead sections and seven large main bearing surfaces, a forged-steel crankshaft with induction-hardened journals and fillets, forged-steel connecting rods, six head bolts per cylinder, and of course its wet sleeve technology were all along for the ride during this engine’s incredible 45-year production run. The latter wet-sleeve technology brought heavy-duty durability to the medium-duty diesel segment. With the sleeve’s external surface in constant contact with the engine coolant, consistent heat transfer occurs and the cylinder’s roundness is never compromised. As a bonus, the wet sleeve essentially makes each cylinder a stand-alone unit, which means repairs and rebuilds can be executed affordably and in-frame.

The DT466 Becomes The MaxxForce DT

MaxxForce DT Navistar InternationalThough the international DT466 engine and MaxxForce DT share the same overall displacement of 7.6L, the engine’s bore and stroke were changed with the advent of the MaxxForce family. The original DT466 featured a 4.30-inch bore and a 5.35-inch stroke while the MaxxForce DT made use of a larger 4.59-inch bore but a shorter 4.68-inch stroke. Just as the DT466 and I530E engines had shared a common block and the same 5.35-inch stroke, the MaxxForce DT did the same with the MaxxForce 9 and MaxxForce 10 engines produced in the same era. However, the stroke was the difference in the latter engines, with all of them sharing a common, 4.59-inch bore.

 

Fuel System Changes

HEUI Fuel Injectors DT466E

All versions of the DT466 and MaxxForce DT are four-stroke in design and make use of direct injection. However, mechanical direct injection—via either rotary injection pump or inline injection pump, and pop-off style injectors—was used exclusively from 1971 through 1994, and mechanical injection survived until 1997 in some applications. But to meet the stricter EPA emissions standards that had gone into effect in 1994, International switched the bulk of its on-road DT466 engines over to the Caterpillar-designed HEUI injection system in 1995 (the HEUI acronym representing hydraulically actuated, electronic controlled unit injector). At this point, the international dt466 engine was renamed the DT466E (E for electronic). Beginning in 2004, what is known as International’s electro-hydraulic G2 injection system replaced the original HEUI system. To be sure, the G2 system still utilized an HEUI-style injector as well as a high-pressure oil pump, but due to HEUI being a trademark of Caterpillar (and the G2 system’s components not being based on Caterpillar’s exact design) the G2 naming system came to be.

Emissions Equipment

Exhaust Gas Recirculation Cooler MaxxForce DTThe emissions crunch that began around the turn of the century had a direct effect on the DT466 engine. It had already been fitted with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) to help curb NOx emissions in 2004 (along with an EVRT turbocharger), but by the time the switchover to the MaxxForce DT occurred a diesel particulate filter (DPF) was necessary. Even though the higher injection pressures the G2 fuel system provided helped to quell much of the MaxxForce DT’s in-cylinder particular matter production, the DPF became standard equipment nevertheless. And International’s decision to meet more stringent NOx emissions by forgoing the use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) unfortunately led to a myriad of EGR-related issues in the final years of MaxxForce DT production.

Common DT466 Problems and Failure Points

Crankshaft Navistar MaxxForce DT DieselThe physical makeup of the DT466 and MaxxForce DT engines is simple yet burly in virtually every way. That said, they do have their fair share of problems, most of which primarily surface with age, neglect, or abuse. By the same token, every engine has its natural quirks. Be they operator-induced, common with age, or simply the nature of the beast, the DT466 and MaxxForce DT’s most concerning weak links are listed below.

  • Spun Crankshaft Bearings
  • Cracked Cylinder Heads
  • Dropped Valves
  • Scored Pistons And Sleeves
  • Corroded Sleeves
  • Lack of Oil Pressure
  • Crankshaft Failure
  • Connecting Rod Failure
  • Lifter/Roller Failure
  • Excessive Blow-By
  • Camshaft Failure

 

The International DT466 Remanufacturing Process at Big Bear Engine

Remanufactured Long Block DT466If a customer is unfortunate enough to witness a serious internal engine failure but at the same time is fortunate in that many of the engine’s external components can be reused, a remanufactured DT466 long block is a great option. Coincidentally, a reman long block is about as feasible as replacing a DT466 gets.

To accomplish this, our team of machinists and engine builders perform a full core tear down, cleaning, and inspection and also handle all machining of the engine before it leaves our facility. This process guarantees each engine leaves our care in perfect running condition every time.

Of crucial note in the DT466 engine reman process is the fact that all of our long blocks are built with a mixture of both remanufactured and new parts. We do not recondition or refurbish old engine parts. Instead, we comprehensively rebuild your old DT466 back to OEM specs.

Comprehensive Cleaning

International DT466 Cast Iron BlockIn an effort to avoid the early termination of both parts and the engine itself, we remove all impurities by stripping the block, head, rods, and camshaft, which are subjected to extensive, meticulous cleaning in a chemical jet wash or hot tank.

Crankshaft

MaxxForce DT Forged Steel CrankshaftsFactory DT466 crankshafts are precision machined to exact tolerances, polished (for reduced bearing and oil resistance), and magnafluxed (to check for cracks). After that, the crankshaft is thoroughly inspected by our quality control department.

Cylinder Head

Navistar DT466E Cast Iron Cylinder HeadTo both guarantee a proper sealing surface with the block and achieve a finish that is compatible with the latest gasket materials, each cylinder head is resurfaced after passing inspection. Valve height is mic’d and each head is vacuum-tested to ensure precise valve sealing.

Block

Plateau Honed Cylinder Bores DT466EEach block is carefully inspected for cracks or other signs of damage. To eliminate distortion once the cylinder head is fastened to the block, the cylinders are bored and honed to precise tolerances. This process drastically reduces the causes of engine blow-by. All block surfaces are machined and then inspected to achieve a proper finish.

Camshaft

International DT466E Diesel Engine
Camshafts are inspected and precisely machined to ensure they provide the correct lift. Lobes are measured with a micrometer to make certain that all OEM tolerances are met.

Connecting Rods

Connecting Rod Piston Assembly International DT466New bushings are installed and machined in all bushed connecting rods. Each rod is also carefully analyzed for signs of bending and/or twisting. From there, the connecting rods are cleaned and then machined to OEM specs. That process is followed by the rods being honed to their usual diameter of original equipment, which provides for an even distribution of stress across the bearings.

New Parts

New Parts International Harvester MaxxForce DT EngineFresh pistons and rings, bearings, wet sleeves, gaskets, and seals come standard on all reman DT466 long blocks. These brand-new parts ensure dependable performance and reliability throughout the life of the engine. The new parts employed in a Big Bear long block are a combination of OEM and aftermarket components.

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DT 466 - DT530 Engine

Further Insurance

2011 Model Navistar MaxxForce DT Diesel EngineIn addition, wearable parts are replaced in every engine. All DT466 core material is inspected and examined against the original specifications to certify correct dimensional tolerances. After all, the goal of remanufacturing an engine is to make it as close to new as possible. Alternate parts are either new or requalified. If new, the parts are produced using the exact same manufacturing process employed for the original engine. Testing is also performed according to manufacturer specs and original production standards.

International DT466 Long Block Parts List:

  • Block
  • Crankshaft
  • Sleeves
  • Connecting Rods
  • Pistons and Rings
  • Cylinder Head (loaded and complete)
  • Camshaft
  • Lifters and Followers
  • Intermediate Cover
  • Timed Front Gear Group
  • New Upper and Lower Gasket Set
  • 1-Year Warranty

Note: We can provide a new oil pump, oil cooler, water pump, turbo, injectors, and fuel pump for an additional cost, but these components will not come assembled to the engine.

**1-Year Warranty: First 6 Months Parts & Labor, Second 6 Months Parts Replacement Only. Ask your sales representative for a full copy of our manufactured long block warranty.

DT466 and MaxxForce DT Applications

  • Agriculture (primarily high-mount turbo)
  • Buses (primarily low-mount turbo)
  • Medium-Duty Trucks (primarily low-mount turbo)
  • Regional Haul (primarily low-mount turbo)
  • Construction (primarily high-mount turbo)

**More than 2 million DT466 and MaxxForce DT engines were built during its 45-year production run.

**2015 was the final production year for the MaxxForce DT

 

DT466 Engine Specs

Engine Data

Production1971-2006
ConfigurationInline-six (I-6)
Bore4.30-inch (109mm)
Stroke5.35-inch (135mm)
BlockDeep-skirt, cast-iron with plateau-honed wet sleeves
HeadCast-iron with 6 head bolts per cylinder
CrankshaftForged-steel with induction-hardened journals and fillets and 2-bolt ductile iron main bearing caps
Connecting RodsForged-steel
Compression Ratio15.5:1 to 16.4:1 (may vary by specific application and model year)
Firing Order1-5-3-6-2-4
AspirationTurbocharged, turbocharged and intercooled
Injection StyleDirect injection
Injection System TypeMechanical (1971-1997), HEUI/electronic (1995-2003), G2 HEUI/electronic (2004-2006)
Emissions EquipmentExhaust Gas Recirculation (2004-2006)
Engine Weight (dry)1,425 to 1,477 lbs
HorsepowerStarting at 160 hp at 2,400 rpm
TorqueStarting at 422 lb-ft at 1,700 rpm

 

 

MaxxForce DT Specs

Engine Data

Production2007-2015
ConfigurationInline-six (I-6)
Bore4.59-inch (116mm)
Stroke4.68-inch (119mm)
BlockDeep-skirt, cast-iron with plateau-honed wet sleeves and block stiffener
HeadCast-iron with 4 valves per cylinder, 6 head bolts per cylinder
CrankshaftForged-steel with induction-hardened journals and fillets and 2-bolt ductile iron main bearing caps
Connecting RodsForged-steel, fractured-cap
PistonsCast-aluminum, Forged-steel top/aluminum skirt two-piece, Forged-steel one-piece (for high torque models)
Compression Ratio16.4:1 (may vary by specific application)/td>
Firing Order1-5-3-6-2-4
AspirationTurbocharged and intercooled, Sequential twin-turbo and intercooled (beginning in 2010)
Injection StyleDirect injection
Injection System TypeG2 electro-hydraulic/electronic (2007-2015)
Emissions EquipmentExhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR), Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
Engine Weight (dry)up to 1,900 lbs
Horsepower210 hp to 300 hp at 2,200 rpm (on-road/truck)
TorqueUp to 860 lb-ft at 1,300 rpm (on-road/truck)

Give us a call today at 844-340-4114 for immediate sales and support for the Cummins 4BT, Cummins 6BT, 6CT, ISC, 855, QSB 4.5 L or CAT 3306. If you have any questions check out our FAQ Page. We are always ready to help or just listen to your crazy off-roading adventures!

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